Plug-and-play priors (PnP) is a powerful framework for regularizing imaging inverse problems by using advanced denoisers within an iterative algorithm. Recent experimental evidence suggests that PnP algorithms achieve state-of-the-art performance in a range of imaging applications. In this paper, we introduce a new online PnP algorithm based on the iterative shrinkage/thresholding algorithm (ISTA). The proposed algorithm uses only a subset of measurements at every iteration, which makes it scalable to very large datasets. We present a new theoretical convergence analysis, for both batch and online variants of PnP-ISTA, for denoisers that do not necessarily correspond to proximal operators. We also present simulations illustrating the applicability of the algorithm to image reconstruction in diffraction tomography. The results in this paper have the potential to expand the applicability of the PnP framework to very large and redundant datasets.
Y. Sun, B. Wohlberg, and U. S. Kamilov, “An Online Plug-and-Play Algorithm for Regularized Image Reconstruction.”